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Case Studies

Upgradation and rehabilitation of Katchi Abadis(squatter settlements) in Islamabad with the assistance of Local Initiative Facility for Urban Environment (LIFE)

By: Fayyaz Baqir
Decemeber 2007


LIFE global programme was launched at the Earth Summit in 1992 as a UNDP response to the environmental problems of the urban poor. Since its inception, LIFE has demonstrated ways of directly engaging the sub-national, local and community level stakeholders, such as non-governmental organizations (NGOs), community-based organizations (CBOs), and local authorities by using urban environmental problems — water and sanitation, solid and liquid waste management, air and water pollution, occupation of hazard-prone zones, environmental health and education and urban planning — as an entry point.

Shelter for the poor

By: Dr. Tasadduq Rasool
March 2010

Housing for the poor

Since the 1960s, major cities in Pakistan have faced an unprecedented rate of urbanization and increasing poverty. As a consequence, an uncontrolled proliferation of slums (Katchi Abadis) was seen. The populations of slums lack the most basic municipal services, such as water supply, sanitation, waste collection or infrastructure etc. Many approaches have been adopted to solve this problem but it still remains a big challenge for urban planners and development actors.

This research study is being carried out with a purpose (1) to explore the historic perspective of slums in Pakistan in general and in Islamabad in particular (2) to review the policies and status of their implementation, (3) to assess the gaps in implementation of the policies (4) to take stock of the issues emerged as a result of implementation gaps (5) to analyze the perspective of rights holders and duty bearers and (6) to explore possible and viable suggestions to devise future course of action.

A Survey of Quality and Scale of Services Provided by Madaris and Masajid In the Union Councils Dhakan and Zarkhail Of District Shikarpur

By: Professor Dr. Noor Shah
March 2010

Housing for the poor

The concept of imparting religious education in masajid (Plural of masjid) and institutions of religious learning is as old as the birth of Islam. Over the decades the system of religious education and training in many Islamic countries has undergone changes to bring it at par with the technological age. However, the system of education in the Indian sub-continent has more or less retained the old traditional pattern. Same is true about Pakistan.

At the time of independence many such institutions were in existence throughout the length and breadth of the country teaching children the Holy Quran and imparting religious education. People belonging to different schools of thought or Fiqah have set up their own institutions to teach the children belonging to their respective schools of thought. Apart from the large institutions located mostly in big towns and cities, the local communities have set up their own local institutions on self help basis. Lack of funds and formal professional training of faculty members are the main problems being faced by these institutions located in rural and remote areas.

Preliminary Report on Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi Traffic Issues

By: Dr. Anita Kapadia , Fayyaz Baqir
Jan 2011

Housing for the poor

Rawalpindi being a garrison city during British Raj was divided in two basic quarters the military town and the native. Raja Bazaar area comes within the native town precincts and hence had a more medieval and organic growth pattern. Over the years Raja Bazaar has become part and parcel of the economic life of both Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Located off Benazir Bhutto Road formally Murree Road, its importance is embedded within its location itself. With garrison town located in close vicinity, Islamabad directly connected through Murree Road, Major civilian institutions in immediate surroundings, Raja Bazaar has grown from a small market to a major commercial outlet.

Changa Pani

By: Sidra Minhas
March 2011

Changa Pani

Pakistan is the sixth largest country in the world by population. As of 2005, it has a population of 153.4 million, which represents 2.36 percent of the world’s population, with a density of more than 190 persons per square kilometer. By the year 2025, the population of Pakistan would raise to 228.8 million and 295 million by 2050. This increase in population will have direct impact on the water sector for meeting the domestic, industrial and agricultural needs. Pakistan has now essentially exhausted its available water resources and is on the verge of becoming a water deficit country. Sustainable and equitable access to safe water and adequate sanitation are widely acknowledged as important development goals.

Sustaiability of community management of water filtration plants

By: Fayyaz Baqir
May 2011

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In the aftermath of floods in 2010 provision of clean water emerged as a key concern for many flood affected communities in Sindh. Government of Sindh (GoS) selected 40 villages for installation of filtration plants to treat contaminated water in Jacobabad, Shikarpur and Khairpur districts. Sindh Rural Support Organization (SRSO) was approached to install these filtration plants, identify and train local plant operators and engage communities for supervision and operation of the plants. SRSO had its partner communities in some villages and formed community organizations (COs) during plant installations in the remaining villages. Majority of households in these COs consisted of poor. However, provision of clean drinking water drastically reduced their health related expenses as disease pattern in these villages depicted prevalence of water borne diseases. This led to improvement and health and income of these families. GoS paid the Operation and Maintenance (O&M) cost of these plants from November 2010 to March 2011. Average monthly O&M cost was in the vicinity of Rs. 25,000.